Did You Miss These?

Resilient Hour Lectures

Resilient Hour: Pre Iftar Talk | April 28th, 2020 | Sh. Musleh Khan
Resilient Hour: Pre Iftar Talk | April 29th, 2020 | Sh. Ahmad Kutty
Resilient Hour: Pre Iftar Talk | April 30th, 2020 | Sh. Abdullah Hakim Quick
Resilient Hour: Pre Iftar Talk | May 1st, 2020 | Sh. Jasser Auda
Resilient Hour: Pre Iftar Talk | May 3rd, 2020 | Imam Yasin Dwyer
Resilient Hour: Pre Iftar Talk | May 5th, 2020 | Sh. Abdool Hamid
Resilient Hour: Pre Iftar Talk | May 6th, 2020 | Imam Zijad Delic
Resilient Hour: Pre Iftar Talk | May 11, 2020 | Ustadha Julie Lowe

Gems of Qur'anic Wisdom Series

Gems of Qur’anic Wisdom | April 27th, 2020 | Sh. Abdullah Hakim Quick
Gems of Qu’ranic Wisdom | May 1st, 2020 | Sh. Musleh Khan
Gems of Qu’ranic Wisdom | May 3rd, 2020 | Sh. Ahmad Kutty
Gems of Qu’ranic Wisdom | May 5th, 2020 | Sh. Abdool Hamid
Gems of Qu’ranic Wisdom | May 13, 2020 | Sh. Abdur-Rahman Hakh

As per the Fiqh Council of North America:

The Fiqh Council of North America recognizes astronomical calculation as an acceptable Shar’i method for determining the beginning of Lunar months including the months of Ramadan and Shawwal.  FCNA uses the criteria of European Council of Fatwa and Research (ECFR), which are that somewhere on the globe, at the sunset, the elongation should be at least 8 degrees and moon should be at least 5 degrees above horizon. If these conditions are met, the new crescent will be visible somewhere on earth. Hence the new lunar month will start the next day, otherwise it will start on the day following next day.

On the basis of this method the dates of Ramadan and Eidul Fitr for the year 1441 AH are established as follows:

Ramadan 1441 AH:

The Astronomical New Moon is on Thursday, April 23, 2020 at 2:27 Universal Time. On that day, everywhere in North and South America at sunset the elongation is at least 8 degrees and moon is at least 5 degrees above the sun. Therefore, first day of Ramadan 1441 is on Friday, April 24, 2020, insha’Allah.

Eid ul-Fitr 1441 AH:

The Astronomical New Moon is on Friday, May 22, 2020 at 17:40 Universal Time. On that day there is no place on earth where at sunset the elongation is 8 degrees and moon is 5 degrees above the sun. Therefore Shawwal 1441 cannot start the next day. Hence first day of Shawwal is on Sunday, May 24, 2020, insha’Allah.

FITRA AMOUNT: $10

Remember to pay fitrah ($10/person) well in advance of eid.

FIDYA AMOUNT: $10

Fidya for anyone unable to fast is also $10/person/day.

TIMETABLE

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

(O you who have believed, fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you that you may attain taqwaa – 2:183)

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

(O you who have believed, fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you that you may attain taqwaa – 2:183)

RamadanDayApril/MayFajrSunriseDhurAsrMaghribEsha
Thursday23 Apr.Start of Salaatul Tarawih - First Night Ramadan Program Begins at 8:30pm
1Friday24 Apr.5:12 AM6:21 AM1:17 PM5:07 PM8:12 PM9:42 PM
2Saturday25 Apr.5:11 AM6:19 AM1:16 PM5:08 PM8:13 PM9:43 PM
3Sunday26 Apr.5:09 AM6:18 AM1:16 PM5:08 PM8:14 PM9:44 PM
4Monday27 Apr.5:07 AM6:16 AM1:16 PM5:09 PM8:16 PM9:46 PM
5Tuesday28 Apr.5:05 AM6:15 AM1:16 PM5:09 PM8:17 PM9:47 PM
6Wednesday29 Apr.5:04 AM6:13 AM1:16 PM5:09 PM8:18 PM9:48 PM
7Thursday30 Apr.5:02 AM6:12 AM1:16 PM5:10 PM8:19 PM9:49 PM
8Friday1st May.5:00 AM6:10 AM1:16 PM5:10 PM8:20 PM9:50 PM
9Saturday2 May.4:58 AM6:09 AM1:15 PM5:11 PM8:22 PM9:52 PM
10Sunday3 May.4:57 AM6:08 AM1:15 PM5:11 PM8:23 PM9:53 PM
11Monday4 May.4:55 AM6:06 AM1:15 PM5:11 PM8:24 PM9:54 PM
12Tuesday5 May.4:53 AM6:05 AM1:15 PM5:12 PM8:25 PM9:55 PM
13Wednesday6 May.4:52 AM6:04 AM1:15 PM5:12 PM8:26 PM9:56 PM
14Thursday7 May.4:50 AM6:02 AM1:15 PM5:12 PM8:27 PM9:57 PM
15Friday8 May.4:48 AM6:01 AM1:15 PM5:13 PM8:29 PM9:59 PM
16Saturday9 May.4:47 AM6:00 AM1:15 PM5:13 PM8:30 PM10:00 PM
17Sunday10 May.4:45 AM5:59 AM1:15 PM5:13 PM8:31 PM10:01 PM
18Monday11 May.4:44 AM5:57 AM1:15 PM5:14 PM8:32 PM10:02 PM
19Tuesday12 May.4:42 AM5:56 AM1:15 PM5:14 PM8:33 PM10:03 PM
20Wednesday13 May.4:41 AM5:55 AM1:15 PM5:15 PM8:34 PM10:04 PM
21Thursday14 May.4:39 AM5:54 AM1:15 PM5:15 PM8:35 PM10:05 PM
22Friday15 May.4:38 AM5:53 AM1:15 PM5:15 PM8:36 PM10:06 PM
23Saturday16 May.4:37 AM5:52 AM1:15 PM5:16 PM8:37 PM10:07 PM
24Sunday17 May.4:35 AM5:51 AM1:15 PM5:16 PM8:38 PM10:08 PM
25Monday18 May.4:34 AM5:50 AM1:15 PM5:16 PM8:40 PM10:10 PM
26Tuesday19 May.4:33 AM5:49 AM1:15 PM5:17 PM8:41 PM10:11 PM
27Wednesday20 May.4:31 AM5:48 AM1:15 PM5:17 PM8:42 PM10:12 PM
28Thursday21 May.4:30 AM5:47 AM1:15 PM5:17 PM8:43 PM10:13 PM
29Friday22 May.4:29 AM5:46 AM1:15 PM5:18 PM8:44 PM10:14 PM
30Saturday23 May.4:28 AM5:45 AM1:15 PM5:18 PM8:45 PM10:15 PM
Shawwal 1
(Eid-al-Fitr)
Sunday24 May.Eid-Al-Fitr Program

IIT Board of Directors Message

The Islamic Institute of Toronto looks forward to welcoming the blessed month of Ramadan. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, this Ramadan will be different. We will not be able to perform congregational prayers at the IIT. Although, we will miss the community interactions, let’s not miss out on the tremendous blessings this month has to offer by optimizing our good deeds and exerting ourselves to strengthen our relationship with our Creator. Let’s spend the time, renewing our relationships with our household and challenging each other to strive in the path of Allah. At the IIT, we will be offering a number of on line programs to help improve our Ibaadat and stay connected as a community. Please check our website for additional details.

As we fast and pray, let’s remember the most vulnerable amongst us and support them in making this a memorable Ramadan.

Thanks for your ongoing financial support to the IIT. We need you to continue to contribute in support of our many programs and projects.

Jazakaum Allahu Khairan

IIT Board of Directors & Volunteers

IIT Shuyukh’s Message

Ramadan Mubarak!

Ramadan is a time of spiritual transformation and community spirit. We can only achieve the objective of Ramadan by making a concerted effort to fulfill our obligations of fasting, prayers, charity, recitation and reflection of the Qur’an and community cohesion, with the degree of excellence that is required of us. We pray that Almighty Allah imbue us with the desire to go above and beyond the ordinary to achieve an extraordinary month of spiritual renewal. From our families to yours.

Ramadan Mubarak!

IIT Shuyukh

Eid program: Sunday, May 24

How to perform Eid prayer

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

PERFORMING THE EID PRAYER – A SIMPLE GUIDE

 

Esteemed Sisters and Brothers,

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

الحمد لله رب العالمين، واصلاة والسلام على رسوله الصادق الأمين، وعلى آله وأصحابه ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين، وبعد

Our beloved Prophet and Messenger of Allaah () encouraged anyone who is unable to attend the Eid prayer with the Imam (congregation), to still offer two rakaats of nafl (Eid prayer) prayer, so that he/she is not deprived of sharing with the community, in the offering of prayers on the day of Eid, (Saheeh Al-Bukhari: Book of Prayer of the two Eids, Chapter(25): 

“Whoever missed the Eid prayer should offer two rakaats of prayer: (2:74).”

 This year is unlike any we have witnessed as we cannot gather for the Eid prayer. We therefore encourage all of you to offer the Eid prayer at home with your families as described below, then listen to the speech delivered live on the day of Eid from IIT (streamed on YouTube and Facebook).

HOW TO PERFORM THE EID PRAYER

The Eid prayer is a two rakaat (units), highly recommended (Sunnah) prayer, just like any two rakaat prayer, however, with one big difference: this difference is the addition of 12 extra Takbeeraat in the prayer as follows:

  • There are 7 extra Takbeeraat in the first rak’ah – NOT including Takbeer Tahreemah to begin the prayer 
  • There are 5 extra Takbeeraat in the second raka’ah 
  • In both rakaats, the extra Takbeeraat are recited BEFORE the recitation of Suratul-Faatihah.

STEPS: 

First Raka’ah

  1. Imam Says “Allaahu Akbar” to begin the prayer. 
  2. Then everyone, silently recites “Subhaanakal-laahumma wa bi hamdika wa tabaarakasmuka wa ta’ala jadduka wa laa ilaaha ghairuka” (known as Du’a Al-Istiftaah – The Opening Du’a).
  3. Then the Imam recites 7 extra Takbeeraat – one after the other:
    • Allaahu Akbar (1) 
    • Allaahu Akbar (2) 
    • Allaahu Akbar (3) 
    • Allaahu Akbar (4) 
    • Allaahu Akbar (5) 
    • Allaahu Akbar (6) 
    • Allaahu Akbar (7)
  4. Then, after the 7th extra Takbeer, everyone folds their hands as normal in prayer, and the Imam then recites Surah Al-Faatihah and another surah. 
  5. Then the Imam says “Allahu Akbar” and goes for Ruku’ and Sujood as normal.

Second Raka’ah

  1. The Imam says “Allahu Akbar” to stand up from the second Sajdah. 
  2. Now, while standing for the second rak’ah, he recites 5 extra Takbeeraat – one after the other 
    • Allaahu Akbar (1) 
    • Allaahu Akbar (2) 
    • Allaahu Akbar (3) 
    • Allaahu Akbar (4) 
    • Allaahu Akbar (5). 
  3. Then everyone folds their hands as normal in prayer, the Imam then recites Surah Al-Faatihah and another surah and completes the prayer as normal.

NOTE: While reciting these extra “Takbeeraat”, the Imam and anyone praying with him, raise the hands, as in raising the hands with Takbeer Tahreemah to begin the prayer.

May Allaah the Exalted accept from us our fasting, prayers, Qiyaam, du’as, Charities, and all good deeds. And may He gather us together one day soon, by His grace and permission.

و عليكم السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته

 

Prepared by Shaikh Abdool Hamid,  Instructor at IIT

 

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Duas & Hadeeths

Dua for Starting the Fast

 وَبِصَوْمِ غَدٍ نَّوَيْتُ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ

(I intend to keep the fast for tomorrow in the month of Ramadan)
Dua for Breaking the Fast

اللَّهُمَّ اِنِّى لَكَ صُمْتُ وَبِكَ امنْتُ وَعَليْكَ تَوَكّلتُ وَ عَلى رِزْقِكَ اَفْطَرْتُ

(Oh Allah, I fasted for You and I believe in You and I put my trust in You and I break my fast with Your sustenance)

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) was the most generous amongst the people, and he used to be more so in the month of Ramadan when Gabriel visited him, and Gabriel used to meet him on every night of Ramada till the end of the month. The Prophet used to recite the Holy Qur’an to Gabriel, and when Gabriel met him, he used to be more generous than a fast wind (which causes rain and welfare) [Sahih Bukhari]

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to supplicate saying, “O Allah! I seek refuge in you from the withholding of your favor, the decline of the good health you have given, the suddenness of your vengeance and from all forms of your wrath.” (Bulugh al Maram)

AbdurRahman ibn AbuBakrah said that he told his father: Oh my father! I hear you supplicating every morning: “O Allah! Grant me health in my body. O Allah! Grant me good hearing. O Allah! Grant me good eyesight. There is no God but Thou.” (Sunan Abi Dawud)

Ramadan Resources

New Moon: Sighting or Calculating?

Islamic Institute of Toronto is following the position of the Fiqh Council of North America on this issue.

Is there any significance to the 15th of Sha'ban?


How to Benefit From Ramadan Optimally

Ramadhan is the most blessed month in the Islamic calendar. It is primarily a spiritual training course intended to help us cultivate essential virtues and skills in order to lead a meaningful life.

2016 Fatwa Session on Ramadan & Fasting

The following essay is an attempt to clarify the issue of fajr al-sadiq (the true dawn) and the cut-off point for suhur (the pre-dawn meal), in light of the Qur’an, the authentic traditions, and the sound practices of the companions, their successors, and the venerable imams and scholars.

The sunnah and elements of flexibility in determining the times of fajr and imsak (beginning of fasting)

The following essay is an attempt to clarify the issue of fajr al-sadiq (the true dawn) and the cut-off point for suhur (the pre-dawn meal), in light of the Qur’an, the authentic traditions, and the sound practices of the companions, their successors, and the venerable imams and scholars.

Ramadan 2015: Another Ramadan, Another Opportunity with Shaikh Abdool Hamid

Ramadan 2015: Flashback - Gems of Qur'anic Wisdom

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

What is Sadaqa Jariya?

Sadaqa jariyah means ongoing or perpetual charity.

It is a form of charity which, unlike other charities, survives the donor and continues to be a source of blessings for the donor long after they have passed. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “When a person dies, all his works cease except three things: ongoing charity, beneficial knowledge, or righteous offspring that pray for him.” (Reported by Muslim and others on the authority of Abu Hurayrah)

In order to explain this further, let us explain the concept of charity in Islam.

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What is Zakah?

“And they have been commanded no more than this: To worship Allah, offering Him sincere devotion, being true (in faith); to establish regular prayer; and to practise regular charity; and that is the Religion Right and Straight.” (Al-Bayyinah:5)

The Arabic word ‘Zakah‘ is generally translated as ‘poor due’ or ‘religious levy’ but literally it means purification, growth, blessing and appreciation. Islamically speaking, however, Zakah is the community’s share in the produced wealth. More specifically, according to M. Umer Chapra, the renowned Islamic economist, Zakah is the financial duty of a Muslim “to pay out of his net worth or agricultural output, if these are higher than the threshold of Zakah, a specified portion as an indispensable part of his religious duties.”

Although some writers mistakenly refer to Zakah as charity, it is not charity. Al-Sadaqah is charity as opposed to Zakah which is a compulsory religious duty conferred by God Almighty upon all Muslims whose wealth exceeds the prescribed limit. If a person’s wealth exceeds that limit, he/she is required to pay the rate of 2½% of total income or wealth to the Bait Al-Mal (the public treasury) annually for the upkeep of the poor and the needy. In the words of the Prophet (peace be on him): “Riches (i.e. Zakah) should be taken from the rich and returned to the poor.”

What are the Obligations of Zakah?

The main purpose of zakah is to help the poor and needy. When zakah is applied effectively, it goes a long way in eradicating poverty from the society–as it was demonstrated in the history of Islam. Although the primary recipients of zakah are the poor and needy, part of zakah can also be given to causes that are beneficial for the cause of Islam. In our time and age, this includes supporting institutions that provide essential services for the community in places where funds for such projects are not readily available.

Zakatul Fitr (Fitra) and Eid

There are two types of Zakah in Islam. The first is the regular, compulsory charity (levied on the rich), also referred to specifically as Zakatul mal; it is the third pillar of Islam. The other is Zakatul Fitr, also known sadaqatul Fitr. In this book, we are concerned only with Zakatul Fitr. Zakatul Fitr is due on every person who has sufficient means to maintain himself and his family beyond the day and night of Eid, and it must be paid on behalf of every member of one’s family including infants.

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