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يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ
(O you who have believed, fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you that you may attain taqwaa – 2:183)
“Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:
Charity does not decrease wealth, no one forgives another except that Allah increases his honor, and no one humbles himself for the sake of Allah except that Allah raises his status.” – Sahih Muslim 2588
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As per the Fiqh Council of North America:
The Fiqh Council of North America recognizes astronomical calculation as an acceptable Shar’i method for determining the beginning of Lunar months including the months of Ramadan and Shawwal. FCNA uses the criteria of European Council of Fatwa and Research (ECFR), which are that somewhere on the globe, at the sunset, the elongation should be at least 8 degrees and moon should be at least 5 degrees above horizon. If these conditions are met, the new crescent will be visible somewhere on earth. Hence the new lunar month will start the next day, otherwise it will start on the day following next day.
On the basis of this method the dates of Ramadan and Eidul Fitr for the year 1443 AH are established as follows:
Ramadan 1443 AH:
The Astronomical New Moon is on Friday, April 1, 2022, at 6:24 Universal Time. On that day, everywhere in North and South America at sunset the elongation is at least 8 degrees and moon is at least 5 degrees above the sun. Therefore, first day of Ramadan 1443 is on Saturday, April 2, 2022, insha’Allah. Tarawih prayer will start on Friday night April 1.
Eid ul-Fitr 1443 AH:
The Astronomical New Moon is on Saturday, April 30, 2022, at 20:28 UT. On that day there is no place on earth where at sunset the elongation is 8 degrees and moon is 5 degrees above the sun. Therefore Shawwal 1443 cannot start the next day. Hence first day of Shawwal is on Monday, May 2, 2022, insha’Allah. Eid-ul-Fitr will be on Monday May 2, 2022.
ISLAMIC HISTORY MONTH
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Friday Night Program
‘Bodies everywhere’: Survivors recount Lebanon boat disaster
Ramadan begins on April 13, 2021
| October 3, 2022|
Rabi – Ul – Awal 7, 1443
|Fajr||6:15 am||6:30 am|
|Zuhr||1:08 pm||1:45 pm|
|Asr||4:23 pm||5:00 pm|
|Maghrib||6:57 pm||6:57 pm|
|Esha||8:17 pm||9:00 pm|
Assalaamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Baraakatuh. Please check the Ramadan Schedule for Prayer Times
|Sept 30||Sh. Musleh Khan|
|Oct 7||Sh. Abdullah H. Quick|
|Oct 21||Sh. Abdullah H. Quick|
|Oct 28||Sh. Musleh Khan|
Make Your Ramadan Contribution
FITRA AMOUNT: $10
Remember to pay fitrah ($10/person) well in advance of eid.
FIDYA AMOUNT: $10
Fidya for anyone unable to fast is also $10/person/day
Resilient Hour Talks
Saturday Lecture Program
Dua & Hadeeth
Dua for Starting the Fast
وَبِصَوْمِ غَدٍ نَّوَيْتُ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ
(I intend to keep the fast for tomorrow in the month of Ramadan)
Dua for Breaking the Fast
اللَّهُمَّ اِنِّى لَكَ صُمْتُ وَبِكَ امنْتُ وَعَليْكَ تَوَكّلتُ وَ عَلى رِزْقِكَ اَفْطَرْتُ
(Oh Allah, I fasted for You and I believe in You and I put my trust in You and I break my fast with Your sustenance)
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) was the most generous amongst the people, and he used to be more so in the month of Ramadan when Gabriel visited him, and Gabriel used to meet him on every night of Ramada till the end of the month. The Prophet used to recite the Holy Qur’an to Gabriel, and when Gabriel met him, he used to be more generous than a fast wind (which causes rain and welfare) [Sahih Bukhari]
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to supplicate saying, “O Allah! I seek refuge in you from the withholding of your favor, the decline of the good health you have given, the suddenness of your vengeance and from all forms of your wrath.” (Bulugh al Maram)
AbdurRahman ibn AbuBakrah said that he told his father: Oh my father! I hear you supplicating every morning: “O Allah! Grant me health in my body. O Allah! Grant me good hearing. O Allah! Grant me good eyesight. There is no God but Thou.” (Sunan Abi Dawud)
Frequently Asked Questions
Sadaqa jariyah means ongoing or perpetual charity.
It is a form of charity which, unlike other charities, survives the donor and continues to be a source of blessings for the donor long after they have passed. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “When a person dies, all his works cease except three things: ongoing charity, beneficial knowledge, or righteous offspring that pray for him.” (Reported by Muslim and others on the authority of Abu Hurayrah)
In order to explain this further, let us explain the concept of charity in Islam.
“And they have been commanded no more than this: To worship Allah, offering Him sincere devotion, being true (in faith); to establish regular prayer; and to practise regular charity; and that is the Religion Right and Straight.” (Al-Bayyinah:5)
The Arabic word ‘Zakah‘ is generally translated as ‘poor due’ or ‘religious levy’ but literally it means purification, growth, blessing and appreciation. Islamically speaking, however, Zakah is the community’s share in the produced wealth. More specifically, according to M. Umer Chapra, the renowned Islamic economist, Zakah is the financial duty of a Muslim “to pay out of his net worth or agricultural output, if these are higher than the threshold of Zakah, a specified portion as an indispensable part of his religious duties.”
Although some writers mistakenly refer to Zakah as charity, it is not charity. Al-Sadaqah is charity as opposed to Zakah which is a compulsory religious duty conferred by God Almighty upon all Muslims whose wealth exceeds the prescribed limit. If a person’s wealth exceeds that limit, he/she is required to pay the rate of 2½% of total income or wealth to the Bait Al-Mal (the public treasury) annually for the upkeep of the poor and the needy. In the words of the Prophet (peace be on him): “Riches (i.e. Zakah) should be taken from the rich and returned to the poor.”
The main purpose of Zakah is to help the poor and needy. When Zakah is applied effectively, it goes a long way in eradicating poverty from the society–as it was demonstrated in the history of Islam. Although the primary recipients of Zakah are the poor and needy, part of Zakah can also be given to causes that are beneficial for the cause of Islam. In our time and age, this includes supporting institutions that provide essential services for the community in places where funds for such projects are not readily available.
There are two types of Zakah in Islam. The first is the regular, compulsory charity (levied on the rich), also referred to specifically as Zakatul mal; it is the third pillar of Islam. The other is Zakatul Fitr, also known sadaqatul Fitr. In this book, we are concerned only with Zakatul Fitr. Zakatul Fitr is due on every person who has sufficient means to maintain himself and his family beyond the day and night of Eid, and it must be paid on behalf of every member of one’s family including infants.