In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
Fiqh and modern medical issues
The question is related to new issues arising out of the unprecedented breakthroughs in modern medicine. As such, it is not possible to pick out a specific ruling on it from the fiqh legacy of the past.
In the absence of such precedents, we have no choice but to exert ourselves to formulate a ruling based on the accepted principles of the Shariah.
Can Muslims use body parts of pigs?
The scholars who have ruled on this issue so far have not arrived at a consensus; instead, they offer different rulings based on their diverse perspectives.
One group of scholars has dismissed any use of body parts of pigs as entirely forbidden and unacceptable.
They refer to the tradition of the Prophet (peace be upon him) “Verily, Allah did not ordain a cure for your diseases in the things he has forbidden for you.” (Reported by Al-Albani)
They base themselves on the majority view that pig is wholly impure and filthy; therefore, its flesh and its body parts are dirty; hence we must shun their use altogether.
As opposed to the above view, another group of scholars takes a different stand. The Maliki school, the Zhahirites, and scholars, including Ibn Taymiyyah, Al-Shawkani, and Ibn Ashur, do not consider pigs essentially impure. Thus, it is not different from other animals that we are unlawful to consume, as with all predatory animals…